What is a nebulizer?
A nebulizer is an electrically powered device that changes liquid medication into a mist so that direct inhalation into the lungs is possible using a face mask or mouthpiece. People with asthma can use a nebulizer to take their medications. Both stationary (tabletop) and portable nebulizers are available. Home nebulizers have more features and are plugged into an outlet. Portable nebulizers can be refilled at a car plug or run on batteries. Some are barely larger than a deck of cards and can fit in a purse or briefcase.
It may require a prescription from a doctor, but you can also get one from your child’s pediatrician. In addition, many people receive breathing treatments at their physician’s office.
Types of Nebulizers
Jet-This creates an aerosol using compressed gas (tiny particles of medication in the air).
Ultrasonic- Using high-frequency vibrations produces an aerosol. When using a jet nebulizer, the particles are more significant.
Mesh- The aerosol is created by liquid passing through a skinny mesh. This type of nebulizer releases the tiniest particles. Additionally, it is the most costly.
Why might you use a nebulizer?
These are particularly useful for administering asthma treatments to newborns and young children. They are helpful when you need a hefty dose of an inhaled drug or have problems using an asthma inhaler. Nebulized therapy is frequently referred to as “respiratory therapy.”These can be used with several medications to treat asthma symptoms and provide immediate relief. These include:
- We utilize corticosteroids to combat inflammation (such as budesonide, flunisolide, fluticasone, and triamcinolone).
- Open your airways using bronchodilators (such as albuterol, formoterol, levalbuterol, and salmeterol).
Nebulizer vs. Inhaler
Both inhalers and nebulizers have advantages and disadvantages for delivering medication to your lungs.
A nebulizer is often easier for young children because they must inhale normally. The delivery of drugs takes longer—at least five to ten minutes.
Even portable nebulizers can be cumbersome and difficult to transport.
However, some individuals choose nebulizers because they can see and feel the drug mist.
Compared to nebulizers, inhalers are frequently less expensive and have fewer adverse effects. One can be kept in a purse or pocket. Although using an inhaler can be challenging, most people rapidly become proficient. It administers medication at a precise dosage.
The process of using
Before starting, first, collect your supplies:
- Air compressor
- Nebulizer cup
- A mask or mouthpiece
- Medication (either unit dose vials or bottles with measuring devices)
- Compressor tubing
Follow these steps
- Set the air compressor down on a stable, level surface. Connect it to a grounded, three-pronged outlet.
- Wash and properly dry your hands after using soap and water. Fill the nebulizer cup with the medication.
- In most cases, pre-measured unit doses are provided in vials. If you must calculate it yourself, use a different, clean tool for each medication.
- Connect the tube to its cup and the aerosol compressor.
- Turn the compressor on to check if it is operating correctly. A thin mist should be visible coming from the tube’s back.
- Get comfortable in a chair and sit up straight. Your youngster may sit on your lap if they are receiving treatment.
- Put on your mask if you are using one. Make sure it’s cozy and safe.
- If you use a mouthpiece, place it between your child’s or your teeth and enclose it with your lips.
- Take slow, deep breaths. If possible, hold each inhale for 2 or 3 seconds before breathing. This enables the drug to enter your airways and take effect.
- Keep going until all of the medication is gone. There will be barely any liquid left in the cup, and it will start to sputter.
- If you feel nervous or lightheaded, stop the therapy and take a five-minute break. Maintain the treatment while attempting to breathe more slowly. Inform your doctor if you continue to experience issues during your therapy.
- You can shake this machine’s cup to loosen any medication that may have stuck to the sides while using it.
- Your doctor should advise you on how frequently and how long to use the nebulizer. Get an asthma action plan that details which drugs to take and when.
- While using a portable nebulizer is similar to using one at home, there is no need to plug it in. The majority of models can be held in your hand.
How do I take care of my Nebulizer?
It’s essential to clean and disinfect your asthma nebulizer equipment to prevent infection. Clean it in an area away from smoke, dust, and open windows.
Follow these instructions for cleaning your nebulizer:
- After every treatment, thoroughly rinse the nebulizer cup with warm water, shake off any excess, and allow it to air-dry. At the end of each day, wash the cup, mask, and mouthpiece in warm water with a mild detergent. Rinse it well, then allow it to air dry. The compressor tube does not require cleaning.
- Use vinegar/water or disinfectant to clean your equipment every third day. To produce the vinegar solution, combine 1 1/2 cups white vinegar with 1 1/2 cups water. The equipment should be submerged in water for 20 minutes before being thoroughly rinsed. Shake off the extra water, then air-dry it on a piece of paper. Before putting it in a plastic bag with a zipper, be sure it is burned.
- Cover the compressor with a clean piece of cloth when not in use. If needed, wipe it with a new, moist towel.
- When treating or storing, never place the air compressor on the floor. Medication needs to be kept in a dry, cool place. Some must be maintained in a refrigerator, while others must be stored away from light.
- Always check them. Replace them if they have developed crystals or changed color.
- Always keep a spare nebulizer cup, mask, and mouthpiece available. Ask for the tube, cup, and if you need a breathing treatment in your doctor’s office.
- When testing, cleaning and replacing the air compressor’s filter, adhere to the equipment’s instructions.
Top 5 best nebulizers machines in India
AMBITECH Portable Compressor Nebulizer Machine for Adults & Kids
About this item
- Respiratory therapists developed the AmbiTech Compressor Nebulizer for successful treatment.
- For child and adult use and a medication capacity of 6 mL for best respiratory care. Complete Kit for Family Use with Nebulizer, Adult Mask, Child Mask, Medicine Chamber, and Air Tube
- Advanced Nebulization Technology with a nebulization rate of 0.2 ml/min for effective medication
Omron NEC 101 Compressor Nebulizer For Child & Adult (White)
About this item
- 0.3 ml/min effective nebulization rate; tiny MMAD 3.9 m particle size to penetrate lower airway; 12 ml medication capacity.
- User-friendly: It delivers medication at the push of a button for a simple application, and a full range of accessories are available.
- This product was developed by respiratory therapists to successfully treat asthma, chronic bronchitis, allergies, and other respiratory disorders.
Dr. Trust Portable Ultrasonic Mesh Nebulizer Machine Cool Mist Inhaler for Children and Adults (White)
About this item
- Convenient to carry: The portable mesh nebulizer made by Dr. Trust is ideal for use because it is small and light.
- A detachable medication chamber: A 10 mL detachable medicine chamber is included with this machine. This makes taking medications more convenient.
Two power sources: One of this device’s outstanding qualities is USB cables and two AA batteries. This makes moving it around easier.
K-Life Neb-101 Compressor Nebulizer Machine Kit with Child and Adult Masks (Brown) (1 Year warranty)
About this item
- Respiratory therapists developed this medicine to efficiently treat allergies, asthma, and other respiratory diseases.
- It comes with Advanced Nebulization Technology with a nebulization rate of 0.3 ml/min for effective medication.
- “Handy in usage: Being small and portable, the device features an ergonomic grip for easy handling. It is easy to use, and all family members can use it conveniently with just one button operation. “
Beurer Nebulizer, German Technology (IH18), white (IH 18) with two masks
About this item
- Made with German Technology/5 Year Warranty/Europe’s No 1 Brand
- For the treatment of the upper and lower respiratory tract
- Nebulization of liquid medicine using compressed air technology
- Accessories: bottle, mouthpiece, adult mask, child mask, compact air tube, and filter
- The machine with two covers.